Nepal has quickly become one of my favorite countries I’ve ever been to. Whether it’s the jaw dropping views or the hospitality of the locals, this country has tons of reasons to visit. Before I came, it was one of the countries I did the least amount of research on. Below are some of the things you need to know before coming, plus some helpful tips once you’re there.
Before you go…
Travel Document Requirements
- Passport – required
- Visa for Business – required
- Visa for Tourism – required (read more here on how to apply)
- Visa for Transit – not required
- Hep A
- Hep B
- Chicken Pox
- Measles, Mumps, Rubella
- Japanese Encephalitis
- Malaria (prescription pills)
- Check out this post for more information about vaccines.
Natural disasters including major earthquakes, landslides, and flooding are a risk.
Customs and Culture
Hindu is the major religion while Buddhism is second.
Nepali is the official language. Indigenous people (often found in small villages and in the mountains) have their own languages, but often speak Nepali as well. In major areas, there is barely a language barrier. Most people in Kathmandu and Pokhara speak fluent English.
Tipping is customary in the tourist industry in Nepal. Check out this post for specifics on who to tip and how much.
Dashain and Tihar. I was lucky enough to be in town for Tihar, which you can read about here.
While men seem to be dressed in mostly western clothing, women are still wearing traditional dress. As a woman visiting, it’s best to keep your shoulders and legs covered (especially if you are going to small towns or villages). In major cities, it’s more acceptable to wear shorts and tank tops. If you are trekking, you can wear shorts without a problem. Be respectful when entering temples by covering up. You should remove your shoes when entering a house or temple.
- Healthcare – Medical care is limited and does not meet Western standards. If you come down with a serious illness you will likely be evacuated to another country nearby. That being said, I spent three days in a hospital in Pokhara when I had pneumonia. Although it was nothing like a western hospital, the staff were kind and took good care of me. It was also very affordable. My entire stay including all medicine, x-rays, and doctors cost $200.
- Food & Water – Hygiene and sanitation are not as common when handling food and drinks. Only drink bottled water, and be careful when eating uncooked food. I’ve heard of a lot of people having stomach problems, however I was fine and ate almost everything. Once your stomach adapts you shouldn’t have any issues. That being said, I was told by a doctor in the region that 80% of travelers will get diarrhea in Nepal, so be sure to have a good antibiotic with you.
Emergency Phone Numbers (like 911)
- Police – 100
- Traffic Control – 103
- Driving – Vehicles drive on the left side of the road. Roads are in rough shape especially in areas that suffered from past earthquakes.
- Buses – You should not travel on the roofs of buses as electrical wires often hang down low. Buses are a cheap way to get from city to city. Just make sure to bring snacks and entertainment with you as most bus rides will take twice as long as advertised.
- Taxis – Only use metered taxis. Make sure the meter is working when you leave as the driver may try to negotiate a higher price.
- Pedestrian – Sidewalks are nonexistent in some areas so be careful when walking in the street. In tourist areas, drivers will usually move around you or honk if you are in the way.
- Air – Recently there have been a number of fatal plane crashes. You may want to look into flight insurance as well as airlines with a good reputation. I flew Yeti Air and had a great experience while flying into Lukla (the most dangerous airport in the world).
- ATM skimming – it’s best to exchange money at banks or hotels.
- Passports and cash should be kept in hotel safety deposit boxes. Carry a copy of your passport to avoid theft.
- Pick-pocketing and bag snatching are common.
- Beware of drugs being placed in your food and drink.
- Tampering with taxi meters is common.
- Taxis will try to charge you a lot more than the ride should cost. Know what the real price is before negotiating and walk away if they won’t accept it. Generally, they will end up taking you for the right price if you are smart about it.
- Overall I found Nepal to be extremely safe and never once felt in danger. It’s one of the safest countries I’ve been to in Asia. With the exception of taxis trying to rip me off, I never got scammed.
- Katmandu Airport – Usually I find airports to be very helpful, but flying into Katmandu was a little different. Upon arrival, none of the ATMs worked or took foreign debit cards. There was only one money exchange, and they wouldn’t accept Indonesian Rupiah. Several other backpackers had the same problem. I was lucky I had some USD on me to exchange and was able to get a cab for all four of us who were left moneyless at the arrivals gate. We did manage to get our cab driver to stop at an ATM on route, but we were all in a bit of a panic upon arrival. Make sure to have a major currency with you when you arrive here.
- BANDHS – This is a common form of political agitation which can cause schools and businesses to close down. It can also stop traffic.
- Trekking – Altitude is a risk when trekking in Nepal. Walking slowly, drinking lots of water, and knowing symptoms of altitude sickness helps with acclimatization.
- Swimming – Drowning while swimming is a risk in Nepal due to flash floods and monsoons.
- Volunteering – Check with the Nepali Central Child Welfare Board before volunteering with an orphanage. Many orphanages in the area misuse children to make a profit and attract donations.
- Rabies – Stray dogs and monkeys may be infected with rabies. It is best to avoid contact with them.
- Cell Phone Service – I used Ncell and found the service to be good even in areas where I thought I wouldn’t have any service. I even managed to make phone calls on parts of my Everest trek.
- Women – Be careful when talking to men. Women in Nepal tend to lower their eyes. Looking a man directly in the eyes can be misconstrued as flirting. I realized this after several strangers hit on me.
- Related books – Little Princes by Connor Grennan (read review here)
Embassies and Consulates
This post originally appeared on www.fulltimeexplorer.com